Bone cancer is quite rare in adults, accounting for only about 1 percent of all cancers. Yet, when an older adult is diagnosed with bone cancer, the diagnosis can be overwhelming for the senior and for their family members. Learning more about this rare form of cancer is a good way to move forward toward treatment and recovery.
About Bone Cancer
Bone cancer is a kind of cancer that begins in a bone. It can start in any bone but is most common in the pelvis or an arm or leg bone. It is not the same as cancer that starts in another part of the body and spreads to the bones.
Bone cancer may be treated using surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of these treatments. How the cancer is treated depends on the following:
- What kind of bone cancer it is.
- Where the cancer is located.
- Its degree of aggressiveness.
- Whether or not it has spread to other areas of the body.
- Causes and Risk Factors
Most of the time, doctors don’t know what causes bone cancer. However, occasionally the cancer can be hereditary or due to having been exposed to radiation, such as during radiation therapy. Several risk factors for bone cancer have been identified. They are:
- Some Genetic Syndromes: There are a few hereditary genetic syndromes, like Li-Fraumeni syndrome and hereditary retinoblastoma, that make a person more likely to develop bone cancer.
- Paget’s Disease of Bone: This condition is more common in seniors than in younger adults, and it raises bone cancer risks.
- Radiation Therapy: People who have undergone radiation therapy are at an increased risk.
Bone Cancer Prognosis
The prognosis for an older adult with bone cancer mostly depends on whether the cancer has metastasized, or spread. If it has not, the outlook is usually quite good. Although the survival rate varies according to the stage the disease is in, studies indicate that 70 percent of bone cancer patients survive five years or more.
Coping with bone cancer can be very difficult. It can be painful and cause fatigue. Home health care can help your aging relative through their treatment and recovery. A home health care provider can drive the senior to their medical appointments. They can also take care of things around the house so that the older adult can rest. If treatment involves surgery, a home health care provider can assist them when they return home from the hospital. Home health care providers can cook meals, help the senior move safely about the house, and remind them to take medications.
If you or an aging loved-one are considering Home Health Care in Greensboro NC, please contact the caring staff at Nurse Care of North Carolina. Call today: Durham (919) 309-4333, Raleigh (919) 261-5880, Greensboro (336) 638-1016, Greenville (252) 757-0029.